This narration describes a normal 28 day menstrual cycle. It covers the main hormones that are involved in the release of an egg from the ovary. There is a discussion about how hormones control menstruation if the egg is not fertilized and how they support pregnancy if the egg is fertilized by a sperm.
This narrated animation shows how an egg from the ovary that, once fertilized, implants in the womb. This fertilized egg (zygote or embryo) is supported by the endometrial lining of the uterus. The video continues to describe how the fetus develops and interacts with the amniotic fluid and the womb.
Occasionally endometrium can grow outside of the womb, causing a painful condition known as endometriosis. This particular video shows how a fluorescent marker is used to identify endometrial tissue, tissue that is sometimes hard to identify. The video is the view through a laparoscope and the shiny areas are endometrial tissue.
Provides a step-by-step graphical description of how an anesthesiologist inserts an epidural prior to delivery of a pregnancy. The epidural provides anesthesia into the epidural space of the spinal cord to block all sensation from the level of the epidural down to the feet. The mother stays conscious, but free from vaginal pain, during the delivery with an epidural.
Pelvic inflammatory disease can cause a severely painful condition and leads to infertility. As the video describes, pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is often caused by sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia or gonorrhea.
Uterine fibroids are a common cause of pain, abnormal bleeding and problems with fertility in women. Traditionally uterine fibroids are removed through the abdomen; however in some cases, skin incisions can be avoided if the uterine fibroids can be removed through the vagina, as discussed in this narrated animation. The removal of uterine fibroids is called a myomectomy.
This 2D animation shows what occurs during a dilation and curettage. This procedure, referred to as a D & C, is a way in which gynecologists and gynecological surgeons can both diagnose and treat diseases of the endometrium (interior lining of the uterus).
Slide show describing the surgeries available to treat fetuses in the womb and some of the problems that can be treated with fetal surgery and heart malformations, neural tube defects, and gastrointestinal tract deformities.
The brain has a system of open spaces deep within it that houses cerebrospinal fluid. Sometimes those ventricles that contain cerebrospinal fluid need to be accessed and drained. This animation describes the placement of a cerebrospinal fluid shunt or CSF shunt that provides communication between brain ventricles and the abdomen. A newer, adjustable CSF shunt is described.