Type of Surgery
Orthopedic surgery spans a wide range of procedures that correct problems that affect the musculoskeletal system. Aches, stiffness, and discomfort are common afflictions, but the more severe cases might have a surgical solutioin. Muscles, tendons, joints, and bones can all be worked on to erase the effects of traumatic injury, disease, aging, or a combination of the three.
Orthopedic Surgery Subguides
The most common surgical procedures for the shoulders, arms, and elbows are designed to address painful and damaged connections at joints and other areas. Shoulder replacements require the insertion of a prosthetic joint, while other procedures replace torn ligaments such as those in the elbow.
Surgeries performed on the hands and wrists emphasize the preservation of functionality, working to salvage the mechanics of the structures. Carpal tunnel surgeries are in particularly high demand right now, since that condition afflicts a large portion of the population. Reconstruction surgeries are also widely performed on trauma victims.
Surgical treatment of back, spine, and neck problems help adjust muscles, ligaments, and bones in these areas to positions that allow for more optimal support of the entire body. Such operations address anything from soreness and stiffness to debilitating diseases such as multiple sclerosis and herniated discs.
Hip surgeries eliminate pain and increase patients' mobility. Hip replacement surgery, which replaces the original joint with a prosthetic implant, is a common solution for older patients who suffer from arthritis. Other types of operations may work only on select portions of the hip, such as the socket.
Knee and leg surgeries correct problems from both serious accidents and injury from overuse. Arthroscopic surgeries employ the use of laparoscopic devices for investigating and treating minor cases without harming surrounding tissue. After diagnosis, more serious injuries may call for total knee replacements.
Foot and ankle surgeries may call for excisions of unwanted tissue, reconstruction of deformed structures, or insertion of new tissue. A combination of these procedures can be used to address painful bunions, inflamed joints, and other musculoskeletal defects that impede movement.
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>Orthopedic complaints are the most common reason to seek medical care.
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