Urological Surgery
Urology addresses everything from reproductive problems in male patients to urinary issues in either sex; surgeons may operate on the bladder, kidneys, ureter, or genitals. At one extreme, full reconstruction of urinary or reproductive systems is an option. At the other, urology boasts a number of less invasive, technologically sophisticated methods to deal with delicate structures.

Top Procedures

Circumcision

The surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis, or prepuce of the clitoris.

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Vasectomy

A vasectomy is a surgical procedure performed on adult males in which the vasa deferentia (tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the seminal vesicles) are cut, tied, cauterized (burned or seared), or otherwise interrupted. The semen no longer contains sperm after the tubes are cut, so conception cannot occur. The testicles continue to produce sperm, but they die and are absorbed by the body.

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Cystoscopy

Cystoscopy (cystourethroscopy) is a diagnostic procedure that uses a cystoscope, which is an endoscope especially designed for urological use to examine the bladder, lower urinary tract, and prostate gland. It can also be used to collect urine samples, perform biopsies, and remove small stones.

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Urinalysis

A urinalysis is a group of manual and/or automated qualitative and semi-quantitative tests performed on a urine sample. A routine urinalysis usually includes the following tests: color, transparency, specific gravity, pH, protein, glucose, ketones, blood, bilirubin, nitrite, urobilinogen, and leukocyte esterase. Some laboratories include a microscopic examination of urinary sediment with all routine urinalysis tests. If not, it is customary to perform the microscopic exam, if transparency, glucose, protein, blood, nitrite, or leukocyte esterase is abnormal.

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Articles

Finding a Surgeon
Finding a surgeon refers to the process of choosing a doctor with specialized training in one or more branches of surgery to perform a specific procedure. It is almost always done in the context......
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Urologic Surgery
Urologic surgery is the integration of surgical activities for the pelvis—the colon, urogenital, and gynecological organs—primarily for the treatment of obstructions, dysfunction, malignancies......
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Finding a Urologic Surgeon
You may very well find your urologic surgeon to be one of the most important people you meet. After all, he or she, within a few hours and with a number of incisions and insertions, can refurnish......
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Other Information

class="quote">It's a controversial arena -- the PSA is a marker of prostate bulk and size, but it's highly expressed in benign prostate disease as well as cancer -- so in that context it's not a specific marker.


-Arul Chinnaiyan

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