Type of Surgery
Last updated: 11/24/2009
Amputation is the surgical removal of a limb or body part. It is performed to remove diseased tissue or relieve pain.
As the title implies, this video describes how muscles work. It shows the anatomy of the muscle in relation to bone but also the structure of muscle at the microscopic level.
Amputation is the removal of a body extremity by trauma or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventative surgery for such problems. A special case is the congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where foetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands. In some countries, amputation of the hands or feet is or was used as a form of punishment for people who committed crimes. Amputation has also been used as a tactic in war and acts of terrorism. In some cultures and religions, minor amputations or mutilations are considered a ritual accomplishment. Unlike many non-mammalian animals (such as lizards that shed their tails), once removed, human extremities do not grow back. A transplant or a prosthesis is the only option for recovering the loss.
Orthopedic complaints are the most common reason to seek medical care.
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