Type of Surgery
Last updated: 02/17/2009
Colorectal surgery repairs damage to the colon, rectum, and anus through a variety of procedures that may have little or great long-term consequence to the patient. It may also involve surgery to the pelvic floor to repair hernias.
Involves evaluation and treatment of complaints from the lower intestinal tract - the large bowel, rectum and anus. A large part of this care involves management of Colorectal cancer, as well as more trivial ailments such as Hemorrhoids.
Surgical management of conditions involving the esophagus, stomach, liver, spleen, gall bladder. Cholecystectomy, the surgical removal of the gall bladder, is one of the most common surgical procedures done world-wide.Upper gastro intestinal surgery may be done as emergencies like perforated duodenal ulcers, or acutely inflammed gall baldders or as elective operations such as cancer of stomach.
Though this type of surgery was popular by open surgery, nowadays it is replaced mostly by key hole or laparoscopic surgery . Using the key hole approach, the incisions are much smaller( 1 cm or less in the place of 15 cm long incisions), the scars are less painful , there is less stay in the hospital with early return to normal activity. Key hole surgery especially in the upper gastro intestinal tract causes a lower instance of chest complications as patients breathe better after surgery with minimal pain.
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