Type of Surgery
Last updated: 11/24/2009
Inguinal hernia repair, also known as herniorrhaphy, is the surgical correction of an inguinal hernia. An inguinal hernia is an opening, weakness, or bulge in the lining tissue (peritoneum) of the abdominal wall in the groin area between the abdomen...
and the thigh. The surgery may be a standard open procedure through an incision large enough to access the hernia or a laparoscopic procedure performed through tiny incisions, using an instrument with a camera attached (laparoscope) and a video monitor to guide the repair. When the surgery involves reinforcing the weakened area with steel mesh, the repair is called hernioplasty.
When gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is not well controlled through lifestyle or medical interventions, surgery may be required. One surgical treatment for GERD is called a Nissen fundoplication. The steps involved in a Nissen fundoplication are discussed in this narrated animation.
Inguinal hernias (IPA: /╔¬n╦łgwin╔Öl ╦łh╔Łni╔Öz/) are protrusions of abdominal cavity contents through the inguinal canal. They are very common (it is estimated that 7% of the population will develop an abdominal wall hernia) and their repair is one of the most frequently performed surgical operations.
Surgical correction of inguinal hernias, called a herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty, is now often performed as an ambulatory, or "day surgery," procedure. There are various surgical strategies which may be considered in the planning of inguinal hernia repair. These include the consideration of mesh use, type of open repair, use of laparoscopy, type of anesthesia, appropriateness of bilateral repair, etc. During surgery conducted under local anaesthesia, the patient will be asked to cough and strain during the procedure to help in demonstrating that the repair is "tension free" and sound.
Biliary colic is the presenting symptom in 80% of patients with gallstone disease who seek medical care; however, only 10-20% of all individuals with gallstones experience severe gallstone pain.
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