Type of Surgery
When gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is not well controlled through lifestyle or medical interventions, surgery may be required. One surgical treatment for GERD is called a Nissen fundoplication. The steps involved in a Nissen fundoplication are discussed in this narrated animation.
Biliary colic is the presenting symptom in 80% of patients with gallstone disease who seek medical care; however, only 10-20% of all individuals with gallstones experience severe gallstone pain.
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