Type of Surgery

Information

Last updated: 02/17/2009

Resources

BOOKS

Senisi, Ellen B. All Kinds of Friends, Even Green! Woodbine House, November 2002.


ORGANIZATIONS

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation. 1275 Mamaroneck Avenue; White Plains, NY....

Telephone (914) 428-7100. .

National Library of Medicine. .

Spina Bifida Association of America. 4590 MacArthur Boulevard, NW, Suite 250; Washington, DC 20007-4226. Telephone (800) 621-3141, (202)944-3285. sbaa@sbaa.org. .



 
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Other Information

Meningocele repair is surgery to repair birth defects of the spine and spinal membranes. . For both meningoceles and myelomeningoceles, surgery consists of putting the spinal cord or nerve roots in their normal place and protecting them by closing the overlying meninges and skin.

A myelomeningocele should be closed within 24 hours of birth to prevent infection. A shunt is usually required to drain excess fluid. If the baby has fluid build-up in the brain, a shunt is usually put in when the myelomeningocele is repaired. Otherwise, most neurosurgeons wait about 3 days to place a shunt.

If hydrocephalus is present at birth and already causing problems, then the myelomeningocele repair and shunt are done at the same time.

After surgery, antibiotics are usually given to prevent infection.


From http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003020.htm

Other Information

The most common spine procedure is Lumbar Disc laminectomy, with 185,651 performed in 2006. The second highest category is Cranial, with 592,443 procedures performed and the most common Cranial procedure is Supratentorial Craniotomy, with 55,578 performed.


From: AANS

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