Type of Surgery


Last updated: 02/17/2009



Senisi, Ellen B. All Kinds of Friends, Even Green! Woodbine House, November 2002.


March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation. 1275 Mamaroneck Avenue; White Plains, NY....

Telephone (914) 428-7100. .

National Library of Medicine. .

Spina Bifida Association of America. 4590 MacArthur Boulevard, NW, Suite 250; Washington, DC 20007-4226. Telephone (800) 621-3141, (202)944-3285. sbaa@sbaa.org. .




Other Information

Meningocele repair is surgery to repair birth defects of the spine and spinal membranes. . For both meningoceles and myelomeningoceles, surgery consists of putting the spinal cord or nerve roots in their normal place and protecting them by closing the overlying meninges and skin.

A myelomeningocele should be closed within 24 hours of birth to prevent infection. A shunt is usually required to drain excess fluid. If the baby has fluid build-up in the brain, a shunt is usually put in when the myelomeningocele is repaired. Otherwise, most neurosurgeons wait about 3 days to place a shunt.

If hydrocephalus is present at birth and already causing problems, then the myelomeningocele repair and shunt are done at the same time.

After surgery, antibiotics are usually given to prevent infection.

From http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003020.htm

Other Information

Even patients who had a single metastasis surgically removed should have radiation therapy as there are always individual tumor cells remaining.


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