Type of Surgery
Last updated: 11/24/2009
This narrated 3D animation shows the step-by-step process for removing a brain tumor using a new device called a neuroendoport. It is considered a minimally invasive brain surgery because the neuroendoport device requires a relatively small incision in the skull and underlying dura mater (covering of the brain).
A rhizotomy (É¹aÉªËˆzÉ‘tÉ™mi) is a neurosurgical procedure that selectively severs problematic nerve roots in the spinal cord, most often to relieve the symptoms of neuromuscular conditions such as spastic diplegia and other forms of spastic cerebral palsy. In extreme cases, a rhizotomy may also be considered for a person suffering from severe back pain or a pinched nerve.
The sensory nerve roots are first separated from the motor ones. Identification of the nerve fibers to be cut is then made by means of electrical stimulation. The one(s) producing the pain or other problems are identified in this way, then selectively cut.
The total number of neurosurgeries performed in 2006 was estimated at 2,171,195. Of these, 1,345,167 spine-related were performed, equating to nearly 62 percent of the total.
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