Type of Surgery
Last updated: 11/24/2009
Urinary incontinence affects between 15% and 30% of American adults living in the community, and as many as 50% of people confined to nursing homes. It is a disorder that affects women far more frequently than men; 85% of people suffering from...
urinary incontinence are women. According to the chief of geriatrics at a Boston hospital, 25 million Americans suffer each year from occasional episodes of urinary or fecal incontinence.
Interstitial cystitis is less common than urinary or fecal incontinence but still affects 700,000 Americans each year. The average age of IC patients is 40; 25% of patients are younger than 30. Although 90% of patients diagnosed with IC are women, it is thought that the disorder may be underdiagnosed in men.
Much of the difficulty in brain surgery recovery comes with healing of the skull and covering of the brain. This video shows that a tumor in a particular location can be removed by entering through the nose, rather than the skull. The endoscopic endonasal approach or EEA is associated with rapid recovery times compared to most other types of brain surgery.
Sacral nerve stimulation, also termed sacral neuromodulation, involves the implantation of a programmable stimulator under the dura matar which delivers low amplitude electrical stimulation to the S3 or S4 root. Currently, the FDA has approved InterStim Therapy, by Medtronic, as a safe sacral nerve stimulator for treatment of Urinary Urge Incontinence, Urinary Frequency, and Urinary Retention. Sacral nerve stimulation is under investigation as treatment for a host of other conditions, though.
Surgery for removal is generally advised for patients with limited cancer elsewhere in the body and a single brain metastasis.
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