Type of Surgery
Last updated: 02/17/2009
"Acoustic Neuroma." Section 7, Chapter 85 in The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, edited by Mark H. Beers, MD, and Robert Berkow, MD. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories, 1999.
Injury of the Nervous System." Section 14, Chapter 177 in The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy, edited by Mark H. Beers, MD, and Robert Berkow, MD. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories, 1999.
Chua, D. T., J. S. Sham, P. W. Kwong, et al. "Linear Accelerator-Based Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Limited, Locally Persistent, and Recurrent Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma; Efficacy and Complications."International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 56 (May 1, 2003): 177-183.
Ganz, J. C. "Gamma Knife Radiosurgery and Its Possible Relationship to Malignancy: A Review."Journal of Neurosurgery 97 (December 2002) (5 Suppl): 644-652.
Muacevic, A., and F. W. Kreth. "Significance of Stereotactic Biopsy for the Management of WHO Grade II Supratentorial Glioma." [in German] Der Nervenarzt 74 (April 2003): 350-354.
O'Neill, B. P., N. J. Iturria, M. J. Link, et al. "A Comparison of Surgical Resection and Stereotactic Radiosurgery in the Treatment of Solitary Brain Metastases."International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 55 (April 1, 2003): 1169-1176.
St. George, E. J., J. Kudhail, J. Perks, and P. N. Plowman. "Acute Symptoms After Gamma Knife Radiosurgery."Journal of Neurosurgery 97 (December 2002) (5 Suppl): 631-634.
Sheehan, J. P., M. H. Sun, D. Kondziolka, et al. "Radiosurgery in Patients with Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastasis to the Brain: Long-Term Outcomes and Prognostic Factors Influencing Survival and Local Tumor Control."Journal of Neurosurgery 98 (February 2003): 342-349.
Stafford, S. L., B. E. Pollock, J. A. Leavitt, et al. "A Study on the Radiation Tolerance of the Optic Nerve and Chiasm After Stereotactic Radiosurgery."International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 55 (April 1, 2003): 1177-1181.
Radiosurgery, also known as stereotactic radiotherapy, is a medical procedure which allows non-invasive treatment of benign and malignant conditions, arteriovenous malformations (AVM's), and some functional disorders by means of directed beams of ionizing radiation. It is a relatively recent technique (1951), which is used to ablate, by means of a precise dosage of radiation, intracranial and extracranial tumors and other lesions that could be otherwise inaccessible or inadequate for open surgery. There are many nervous diseases for which conventional surgical treatment is difficult or has many deleterious consequences for the patient, due to arteries, nerves, and other vital structures being damaged.
Even patients who had a single metastasis surgically removed should have radiation therapy as there are always individual tumor cells remaining.
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