Type of Surgery


Last updated: 11/24/2009



Bland, K.I., W.G. Cioffi, and M.G. Sarr. Practice of GeneralSurgery. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2001.

Grace, P.A., A. Cuschieri D. Rowley, N. Borley, and A. Darzi. Clinical Surgery,...

2nd ed. Londin, 2003.

Schwartz, S.I., J.E. Fischer, F.C. Spencer, G.T. Shires, and J.M. Daly. Principles of Surgery, 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1998.

Townsend, C., K.L. Mattox, R.D. Beauchamp, B.M. Evers, and D.C. Sabiston. Sabiston's Review of Surgery, 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2001.


Atkinson, J.L., and R.D. Fealey. "Sympathotomy Instead of Sympathectomy for Palmar Hyperhidrosis: Minimizing Postoperative Compensatory Hyperhidrosis."Mayo Clinic Proceedings 78, no. 2 (2003): 167-72.

Gossot, D., D. Galetta, A. Pascal, D. Debrosse, R. Caliandro, P. Girard, J.B. Stern, and D. Grunenwald. "Long-Term Results of Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy for Upper Limb Hyperhidrosis."Annals of Thoracic Surgery 75, no.4 (2003): 1075-9.

Matthews, B.D., H.T. Bui, K.L.Harold, K.W.Kercher, M.A. Cowan, C.A. Van der Veer, and B.T. Heniford. "Thoracoscopic Sympathectomy for Palmaris Hyperhidrosis."Southern Medical Journal 96, no.3 (2003): 254-8.

Singh, B., J. Moodley, A.S. Shaik, and J.V. Robbs. "Sympathectomy for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome."Journal of Vascular Surgery 37, no. 3 (2003): 508-11.

Urschel, H.C., and A. Patel. "Thoracic Outlet Syndromes."Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine 5, no.2 (2003): 163-8.


American Academy of Neurology. 1080 Montreal Avenue, St. Paul, Minnesota 55116. (651) 695-1940. Fax: (651) 695-2791. E-mail: info@aan.org. .

American Board of Surgery. 1617 John F. Kennedy Boulevard, Suite 860, Philadelphia, PA 19103. (215) 568-4000. Fax: 215-563-5718. .

American College of Surgeons. 633 North St. Clair Street, Chicago, IL 60611-32311. (312) 02-5000. Fax: (312) 202-5001. E-mail: postmaster@facs.org. .


Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. [cited May 15, 2003] .

"Excessive Sweating." [cited May 15, 2003] .

New York Presbyterian Hospital. [cited May 15, 2003] .

University of Maryland School of Medicine. [cited May 15, 2003] .

University of Southern California School of Medicine. [cited May 15, 2003] .



In this video, the basic building block of the nervous system, the neuron, is described. Countless neurons are joined and organized to form the nervous system, also described in this animation.

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Other Information

Sympathectomy is a surgical procedure that destroys nerves in the sympathetic nervous system. The procedure is done to increase blood flow and decrease long-term pain in certain diseases that cause narrowed blood vessels. It can also be used to decrease excessive sweating. This surgical procedure cuts or destroys the sympathetic ganglia, collections of nerve cell bodies in clusters along the thoracic or lumbar spinal cord.

From http://www.answers.com/topic/sympathectomy

Other Information

Neurosurgery is one of the longest training periods of all the medical specialties because of the extreme complexity of the nervous system and the advanced technique used in this specialty.

-Neuroscience & Spine Associates

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