Type of Surgery

Knee & Leg

Knee and leg surgeries correct problems from both serious accidents and injury from overuse. Arthroscopic surgeries employ the use of laparoscopic devices for investigating and treating minor cases without harming surrounding tissue. After diagnosis, more serious injuries may call for total knee replacements.

Top Procedures

Knee Replacement

Knee replacement is a procedure in which the surgeon removes damaged or diseased parts of the patient's knee joint and replaces them with new artificial parts. The operation itself is called knee arthroplasty. Arthroplasty comes from two Greek words, arthros or joint and plassein, "to form or shape." The artificial joint itself is called a prosthesis. Most knee prostheses have four components or parts, and are made of a combination of metal and plastic, or metal and ceramic in some newer models.

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Amputation

Amputation is the surgical removal of a limb or body part. It is performed to remove diseased tissue or relieve pain.

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Arthroplasty

Arthroplasty is surgery performed to relieve pain and restore range of motion by realigning or reconstructing a dysfunctional joint.

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Arthroscopic Surgery

Arthroscopic surgery is a procedure that allows surgeons to visualize, diagnose, and treat joint problems. The name is derived from the Greek words arthron, joint, and skopein, to look at. Arthroscopy is performed using an arthroscope, a small fiber-optic instrument that enables a close look at the inside of a joint through a small incision.

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Articles

Search Thousands Of Articles & Procedures

Preoperative Preparation
There will be many healthcare professionals working to make sure you have an excellent outcome from your surgery. Besides the surgeons, there are...


What Could Be Happening During Your Surgery
As surgical techniques advance in sophistication, there are a number of intraoperative procedures that could be taking place during your surgery....


What to Expect on the Day of Surgery
Surgery can be somewhat frightening even for the bravest among us. You are only partially clothed, everywhere you look people are dressed in masks...


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Other Information

The main difference between a traditional knee replacement design and a mobile bearing knee is that the polyethylene articulating surface is free to rotate slightly along with the patient’s natural movement.


From Mitchell Sheinkop, MD, Neurologic & Orthopedic Hospital of Chicago

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